In 1951, PDIL was established as a Technology wing of Fertilizer Corporation of India Limited, with an objective to obtain Technological Self reliance.
In 1961, PDIL's activities were enlarged and it became P&D, Planning & Development Division of FCI Ltd
In 1978, FCI & NFL group of companies were reorganized and P&D Division of FCI Ltd. became Independent Public Sector Undertaking called Fertiliser (Planning & Development) India Limited (FPDIL).
In 1981, FPDIL became Projects & Development India Limited. (PDIL) with an objective to diversify in the areas beyond fertilizer & chemicals
Since, its formation, PDIL has been involved in the design, engineering and construction of almost all the major grass-root fertilizer projects in India.
At present, India is ranked fourth in the world in terms of installed capacity and consumption of nitrogenous fertilizers, a vital economical input for the agricultural sector. Over two-third of the installed capacity of nitrogenous fertilizers in India is produced in plants, engineered and constructed by PDIL